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Medieval Scottish Chronicles and Literary Sources from Scottish Sources

Title Image Last Update: 2021/09/24

Scottish Chronicles and Literary Sources

The Scottish Chronicle (a.k.a. The Chronicle of the Kings of Alba)

  • Benjamin T. Hudson (ed.), 1998: JSOR

Chronicle of Holyrood

  • Marojie O. Anderson (ed.), 1938: NLS

Chronicle of Melrose Abbey

Written in Latin probably by the monks at Melrose Abbey, which contains the oldest independent account of the sealing of Magna Carta. Completed in or soon after 1270.

Chronicle of the Kings of Man and the Isles

Gesta Annalia

Written in Latin by an unknown author(s). Prof. Dauvit Broun insists that Gesta Annalia is a combination of two different chronicles (Gesta Annalia I / II). The former seems to have been completed c. 1285, the latter at the second half of the fourteenth century.

John Barbour, The Bruce

A narrative poem in Scots by John Barbour, a member of the king's household in the 1370s. written in c. 1375.

John of Fordun, Chronica Gentis Scotorum

Written in Latin by John of Fordun, probably chaplain in St Machar's Cathedral of Aberdeen. The created date of his chonicle has been debated, but is recently considered c.1380.

Andrew of Wyntoun, The Original Chronicle of Scotland

Written in Scots by Andrew of Wyntoun, prior of Loch Leven / canon of St. Andrews. His chronicle was completed in c. 1420.

  • David Laing (ed.), 1879: Internet Archive: Vol.1, Vol.2, Vol.3
  • François J. Amours (ed.), 1903-14: NLS

The Kingis Quair of James Stewart

Walter Bawer, Scotichronicon

Written in Latin by Walter Bower, abbot of Inchcolm Abbey. His chronicle was completed in 1447.

The Dethe of the Kynge of Scotis

  • Margaret Connolly (ed.), 1992: JSTOR

Book of Pluscarden (Liber Pluscardensis)

Written in Latin at the Pluscarden Abbey in 1461, which borrows heavily from the writings of Fordun and Bower.

  • Felix J. Skene (ed.), 1877: Internet Archive: Vol.1, Vol.2

The Auchinleck Chronicle

A brief chronicle during the reign of James II (1437-1460). Written in Scots by an unknown author at an unknown date. Preserved only in the Asloan Manuscript of the early sixteenth century.

Extracta E Variis Cronicis Scocie

Vitae Dunkeldensis Ecclesiae Episcoporum

A biography of the bishops of Dunkeld to 1515, which was written in Latin by Alexander Myln, a canon of a church of a diocese in Dunkeld, who was at that office in the early 16th century.

  • Alexander Myln, 1831: NLS

John Major, A History of Greater Britain as Well England as Scotland

Written by John Major (1467-1550), Scottish philosopher / theologian. Published in Paris in 1521.

Hector Boece, Murthlacensium et Aberdonensium Episcoporum Vitae

A biography of the bishops of Aberdeen written in Latin by Hector Boece, Scottish philosopher and the first principal of King's College in Aberdeen in 1522.

  • ​Henry Cockburn and Thomas Maitland (eds), 1894: NLS

Hector Boece, The Chronicles of Scotland

Written in Latin by Hector Boece, Scottish philosopher and the first principal of King's College in Aberdeen in 1527. This chronicle was translated into Scots in 1531.

  • Edith C. Batho and H. W. Husbands (eds), 1938-41: NLS
  • Hyptertext critical edition by Dana F. Sutton: UoB

Robert Pitscottie, The History and the Chronicle of Scotland, 1436-1565

Written in Scots by Robert Lindsay of Pitscottie, a Scottish chronicler, completed in or soon after 1565 and first published in 1728.

  • Aeneas J. G. MacKay (ed.), 1889-1911: NLS

John Lesley, The Historie of Scotland

Written in Latin by John Lesley, a Scottish Roman Catholic bishop of Ross, which was presented to Mary Queen of Scots in 1571. This chronicle was translated into Scots by James Dalrymple in 1596.

  • Scottish Text Society (ed.), 1884-95: Internet Archive: Vol.1, Vol.2

Goerge Buchanan, The History of Scotland

Written in Latin by George Buchanan, a Scottish humanist scholar and published in 1582.